Botanical notes and records: The Red House Farm, Pillows Green, Eldersfield, 9th June 2012

J.J. Day

The Red House site consists of the farmhouse and yard plus grounds and gardens, a small meadow and a strip of arable land. There are many introductions and formal parts but much of the area is allowed to regenerate naturally. This presented a conundrum for botanical recorders: which species were worth noting in such a setting?

The gardens are semi-formal but there are wild areas and zones where the vegetation is allowed to self sow, particularly around the former yard. This has created a mixed assemblage of native and alien species exhibiting various degrees of naturalisation. The small colony of Yellow Figwort, Scrophularia vernalis growing in a shady corner, which the owner reported as origin unknown and new is a good record for Worcestershire. It has only been seen in the county once before at Hewell Grange and last noticed there during the First World War.

Old spikes of the Ivy Broomrape, Orobanche hederacea were located by the southeast corner of the farmhouse. Botanists have had no problem recording this, which has persisted here since 1995, although it is very likely an inadvertent hortal introduction. The uncommon native species Small Toadflax Chaenorhinum minus (c30 plants) and Knotted Hedge parsley, Torilis nodosa (one plant) were both found in the courtyard. All the botanists seemed amenable to noting these although both are likely inadvertent introductions. In the case of the Small Toadflax this was likely as seeds with the limestone chippings on which it grew.

All seemed happy to record the Yellow Nonea Nonea lutea which appeared to be behaving as a typical garden ruderal with no obvious introduced source. Consensus broke down around the biggest group - those species which had no doubt been introduced but had in some way become established or not. Those with populations established and self regenerating mainly by seed and widely beyond the point of introduction were mainly conceded as established. Those regenerating vegetatively were generally not accepted, unless spreading in “wild” areas. Recording aliens is problematic.

The Wild Liquorice, Astragalus glycophyllus growing luxuriantly in a flower bed was noted on the basis of a conserved gene pool, having been sourced from the local wild population on nearby Gadbury Bank.

To the north of the farm yard is a small meadow supporting an unimproved grassland flora. The highlight here is a substantial population of the scarce county plant, Corky-fruited Water-dropwort Oenanthe pimpinelloides. In addition to the diverse native flora, there are several showy and established introductions Eastern Gladiolus, Gladiolus communis ssp. byzantinus, Fritillary, Fritillaria meleagris and Salsify, Tragopogon porrifolius.

Bert Reid and John Day also surveyed the lane and green lane from the Gloucestershire border to Marsh Brook. The most significant find was Grass Vetchling, Lathyrus nissolia in the Green Burial Ground to the north of Red House.

Brett Westwood and Ann Fells found Great Brome, Anisthera diandra on arable margins west of Red House.

The long list of plants for Red House is all the plants noted on the day. It does not infer that the plant was considered established (notes were attached to all records entered in the database).

Red House Eldersfield 09/06/2012Compiled by J.J.Day
Red House Farm and Meadow Eldersfield
Acer campestreField Maple
Acer platanoidesNorway Maple
Achillea millefoliumYarrow
Aethusa cynapium ssp. cynapiumFool's Parsley
Agrostemma githagoCorncockle
Agrostis stoloniferaCreeping Bent
Ajuga reptansBugle
Alisma plantago-aquaticaWater-plantain
Alliaria petiolataGarlic Mustard
Alopecurus pratensisMeadow Foxtail
Anagallis arvensis ssp. arvensisScarlet Pimpernel
Anisantha sterilisBarren Brome
Anthoxanthum odoratumSweet Vernal Grass
Anthriscus sylvestrisCow Parsley
Aquilegia vulgarisColumbine
Arctium lappaGreater Burdock
Arrhenatherum elatiusFalse Oat-grass
Artemisia vulgarisMugwort
Arum maculatumLords-and-ladies
Aspelenium scolopendriumHart's-tongue
Astragalus glycyphyllosWild Liquorice
Atriplex patulaCommon Orache
Bellis perennisDaisy
Brachypodium sylvaticumFalse-brome
Briza maximaGreater Quaking Grass
Bromus commutatusMeadow Brome
Bromus hordeaceus ssp. hordeaceusSoft Brome
Bromus racemosusSmooth Brome
Caltha palustrisMarsh Marigold
Calystegia silvaticaLarge Bindweed
Capsella bursa-pastorisShepherd's-purse
Cardamine hirsutaHairy Bitter-cress
Carex pendulaPendulus Sedge
Centaurea montanaPerennial Cornflower
Centranthus ruberRed Valerian
Cerastium fontanum ssp. vulgareCommon Mouse-ear
Ceratophyllum demersumRigid Hornwort
Chaenorhinum minusSmall Toadflax
Cichorium intybusChicory
Cirsium vulgareSpear Thistle
Conium maculatumHemlock
Corylus avellanaHazel
Crataegus monogynaHawthorn
Crepis vesicariaBeaked Hawk's-beard
Cymbalaria muralisIvy-leaved Toadflax
Cynosurus cristatusCrested Dog's-tail
Dactylis glomerataCock's-foot
Daucus carota ssp. carotaWild Carrot
Digitalis purpureaFoxglove
Dipsacus fullonumWild Teasel
Dryopteris filix-masCommon Male Fern
Echium vulgareViper's Bugloss
Elytrigia repensCommon Couch
Epilobium montanumBroad-leaved Willowherb
Epilobium parviflorumHoary Willowherb
Erigeron karvinskianusMexican Fleabane
Eupatorium cannabinumHemp-agrimony
Euphorbia helioscopiaSun Spurge
Euphorbia peplusPetty Spurge
Foeniculum vulgareFennel
Fraxinus excelsiorAsh
Fritillaria meleagrisFritillary
Galium aparineCleavers
Galium verumLady's Bedstraw
Geranium dissectumCut-leaved Crane's-bill
Geranium lucidumShining Crane's-bill
Geranium phaeumDusky Crane's-bill
Geranium pratenseMeadow Crane's-bill
Geranium pyrenaicumHedgerow Crane's-bill
Geranium robertianumHerb-robert
Geranium sanguineumBloody Crane's-bill
Geranium x magnificumPurple Crane's-bill
Geranium x oxonianumDruce's Crane's-bill
Geum urbanumHerb Bennet
Gladiolus communis ssp. byzantinusEastern Gladiolus
Glechoma hederaceaGround-ivy
Hedera helix ssp. helixCommon Ivy
Hedera 'Hibernica'Irish Ivy
Heracleum mantegazzianumGiant Hogweed
Heracleum sphondyliumHogweed
Hesperis matronalisDame's Violet
Hieracium scotostictumDappled Hawkweed
Holcus lanatusYorkshire-fog
Hordeum distichon sens. str.Barley
Hordeum secalinumMeadow Barley
Inula conyzaePloughman's-spikenard
Iris foetidissimaStinking Iris
Lamium albumWhite Dead-nettle
Lamium maculatumSpotted Dead-nettle
Lapsana communisNipplewort
Lemna minorCommon Duckweed
Lemna minutaLeast Duckweed
Lemna trisulcaIvy-leaved Duckweed
Leucanthemum vulgareOxeye Daisy
Linaria purpureaPurple Toadflax
Lunaria annuaHonesty
Lysimachia nummulariaCreeping-Jenny
Malus pumilaApple
Meconopsis cambricaWelsh Poppy
Medicago lupulinaBlack Medick
Melissa officinalisBalm
Milium effusumWood Millet
Muscari armeniacumGarden Grape-hyacinth
Myosotis arvensisField Forget-me-not
Myosotis sylvaticaWood Forget-me-not
Nigella damascenaLove-in-a-mist
Nonea luteaYellow Nonea
Oenanthe pimpinelloidesCorky-fruited Water-dropwort
Onopordum acanthiumCotton Thistle
Orobanche hederaeIvy Broomrape
Osmunda regalisRoyal Fern
Papaver lecoqiiYellow-juiced Poppy
Papaver somniferumOpium Poppy
Pentaglottis sempervirensGreen Alkanet
Phleum bertoloniiSmaller Cat's-tail
Phleum pratense sens.str.Timothy
Phuopsis stylosaCaucasian Crosswort
Plantago lanceolataRibwort Plantain
Plantago major ssp. majorGreater Plantain
Poa angustifoliaNarrow-leaved Meadow-grass
Poa annuaAnnual Meadow-grass
Poa trivialisRough Meadow-grass
Polystichum setiferumSoft Shield-fern
Potentilla reptansCreeping Cinquefoil
Potentilla sterilisBarren Strawberry
Primula verisCowslip
Prunella vulgarisSelfheal
Prunus spinosa s.l.Blackthorn
Pulmonaria officinalisLungwort
Quercus roburPedunculate Oak
Ranunculus acrisMeadow Buttercup
Ranunculus repensCreeping Buttercup
Rhinanthus minorYellow-rattle
Rosa canina agg.Dog Rose
Rubus fruticosus agg.Bramble
Rumex acetosa ssp. acetosaCommon Sorrel
Rumex crispus ssp. crispusCurled Dock
Rumex obtusifoliusBroad-leaved Dock
Rumex sanguineusWood Dock
Sagina apetala sens. lat.Annual Pearlwort
Sambucus nigraElder
Scorzoneroides autumnalisAutumnal Hawkbit
Scrophularia vernalisYellow Figwort
Sedum acreBiting Stonecrop
Sedum albumWhite Stonecrop
Sedum spuriumCaucasian-stonecrop
Senecio jacobaeaCommon Ragwort
Senecio vulgaris var. vulgarisGroundsel
Silene flos-cuculiRagged Robin
Sinapis arvensisCharlock
Sisymbrium officinaleHedge Mustard
Smyrnium perfoliatumPerfoliate Alexanders
Solanum dulcamaraBittersweet
Sonchus asperPrickly Sow-thistle
Sonchus oleraceusSmooth Sow-thistle
Stachys sylvaticaHedge Woundwort
Stellaria gramineaLesser Stitchwort
Stellaria mediaCommon Chickweed
Tamus communisBlack Bryony
Tanacetum partheniumFeverfew
Taraxacum sp.Dandelion agg.
Taxus baccataYew
Torilis nodosaKnotted Hedge-parsley
Tragopogon porrifoliusSalsify
Tragopogon pratensisGoat's-beard
Trifolium dubiumLesser Trefoil
Trifolium pratenseRed Clover
Trifolium repensWhite Clover
Trisetum flavescensYellow Oat-grass
Triticum aestivumBread Wheat
Ulmus proceraEnglish Elm
Urtica dioicaCommon Nettle
Veronica arvensisWall Speedwell
Veronica chamaedrysGermander Speedwell
Veronica persicaCommon Field-speedwell
Veronica serpyllifolia ssp. serpyllifoliaThyme-leaved Speedwell
Vicia fabaBroad Bean
Vicia hirsutaHairy Tare
Vicia sativa ssp. segetalisCommon Vetch
Vicia tetraspermaSmooth Tare
Viola odorataSweet Violet
Viola reichenbachianaEarly Dog-violet
Vulpia bromoidesSquirrel-tail Fescue
Additional Species
Red House Lane Eldersfield
Alnus glutinosaAlder
Alopecurus geniculatusMarsh Foxtail
Alopecurus myosuroidesBlack-grass
Atriplex prostrata sens.str.Spear-leaved Orache
Bromopsis ramosaHairy Brome
Bryonia dioicaWhite Bryony
Calystegia sepium ssp. sepiumGreat Bindweed
Cardamine flexuosaWavy Bitter-cress
Carex otrubaeFalse Fox-sedge
Carex remotaRemote Sedge
Carex spicataSpiked Sedge
Centaurea nigra agg.Common Knapweed
Chaerophyllum temulumRough Chervil
Chamerion angustifoliumRosebay Willowherb
Chenopodium polyspermumMany-seeded Goosefoot
Cirsium arvenseCreeping Thistle
Clematis vitalbaTraveller's Joy
Convolvulus arvensisField Bindweed
Cornus sanguineaDogwood
Cornus sericeaRed-osier Dogwood
Epilobium hirsutumGreat Willowherb
Equisetum arvenseField Horsetail
Euonymus europaeusSpindle
Festuca rubra sens.str.Red Fescue
Fumaria officinalisCommon Fumitory
Humulus lupulusHop
Hyacinthoides non-scriptaBluebell
Hypericum hirsutumHairy St. John's-wort
Iris pseudacorusYellow Iris
Juncus bufonius sens.str.Toad Rush
Lamiastrum galeobdolon ssp. argentatumVariagated Yellow Archangel
Lathyrus nissoliaGrass Vetchling
Lepidium coronopusSwine-cress
Ligustrum vulgareWild Privet
Lolium perennePerennial Rye-grass
Lotus corniculatusCommon Bird's-foot-trefoil
Mentha aquaticaWater Mint
Mercurialis perennisDog's Mercury
Oxalis corniculataProcumbent Yellow-sorrel
Poa pratensis Meadow-grass
Polygonum aviculare sens.str.Knotgrass
Populus x canadensisHybrid Black Poplar
Potentilla anserinaSilverweed
Rosa arvensisField Rose
Rubus caesiusDewberry
Rubus ulmifoliusa bramble
Salix albaWhite Willow
Salix cinerea ssp. oleifoliaGrey Willow
Salix fragilisCrack Willow
Schedonorus arundinaceusTall Fescue
Schedonorus pratensisMeadow Fescue
Scrophularia auriculataWater Figwort
Scrophularia nodosaCommon Figwort
Silene dioicaRed Campion
Sison amomumStone Parsley
Symphoricarpos x chenaultiiPink Snowberry
Torilis japonicaUpright Hedge-parsley
Ulmus glabraWych Elm
Vicia sepiumBush Vetch
Viscum albumMistletoe