|Mature trees have a massive straight trunk persisting half way through the crown.
||The bark is deeply cracked which in maturity form square plates
||There are branches at all levels which twist and ascend at the top of a dense domed crown
||Lower limbs become rapidly diffuse becoming short and slender
||In sub-mature trees the majority of branches are ascending
|The leaves are nearly always attacked by the leaf-gall mite Eriophytes ulmicola
||It suckers freely
||Occasionally produces a mass of flowers clustered on small shoots which are purple caused by tufts of purple stamens
||It rarely sets seed and fruit is usually sterile.
|A broad spreading tree, the trunk usually forks into a Y shape.
||Sub-mature trees have smooth (hence ‘glabra’) silvery-grey bark which latter become fissured.
||The leaves are greater than 7cm in length:-
|It does not sucker freely, although it does coppice well (unlike English Elm U. procera).
||Flowers are densely clustered close to shoots, dark purplish-red in early March
||Wych Elm produces a mass of viable seed with relatively young trees reach fruiting maturity. Fruit is bright pale green with a broad obovate membrane which is slightly notched, they are prominent before the leaves form in late April and are contained in bunches
|Typically a tall tree with a narrow domed crown.
||Limbs in the upper crown are nearly all vertical, various size of branches ascend from the trunk
||unlike English Elm U. procera arch over to end in long pendulous branchlets with a narrow system of fine curled shoots.
||The bark has deep long, vertical fissures, young branches commonly have thick corky ridges.
||It has much smaller leaves than its counterparts being less than 7cm in length:-
|It is rarely attacked by the elm leaf-gall mite.
||Where Small-leaved Elm U. minor is present it too is clonal i.e. produces suckers freely which are genetically identical to the parent plant.
||Flowers are red with white stigmas
||Fruit in elliptic membrane, cuneate (wedge shape) at base, seed near closed notch
|A hybrid between Small-leaved Elm U. minor and Wych Elm U. glabra
||Tree with a regular tall domed crown with a straight clean bole.
||Bark is dark brown, sometimes grey, with an even network of broad flat ridges.
||It is non-suckering
||Its leaves are elliptic, long-acuminate, 10-13 x 8cm, doubly toothed with a petiole between 1-2cm,
||the upper surface is glossy, it has a very oblique base, one side is rounded curving to a first vein.
||Flowers are large, prominent and bright red
||Seed is obovate, notched, pale green, crimson in centre over seed.
|Specifically a woodland elm.
||It has an intermediate leaf shape between Small-leaved Elm U. minor and Wych Elm U. glabra, unlike the more familiar hybrid Dutch Elm Ulmus x hollandica it is non-invasive and coppices well.
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